Historian: Of the 197 parties to the Paris Agreement [link] [link] of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) [link], 92 parties have now (03 Nov 2016) ratified the agreement. On 5 Oct 2016, the threshold for entry into force of the Paris Agreement was achieved; so, the Paris Agreement will enter into force 4 Nov 2016.
Physicist: The next step is the Marrakech Climate Change Conference (7-18 Nov 2016). There is plenty of work ahead. Part of that work is agreeing on indicators 1) of states of our climate and effects of those states, and 2) indicators of target states of our climate and effects of these states.
Historian: One great achievement of the Paris Agreement is that actions of the parties are not imposed from on high. Actions are undertaken by the different parties to the Agreement. Now, we know that for this diversity to work best, parties must share common goals. Which gives great importance to those indicators you mentioned.
Physicist: Exactly. I have two related thoughts about indicators. I would like to see indicators framed positively. I would like indicators which are measures of values. What are the positive values of limiting temperature rise to X, of limiting drought, of limiting floods, of . . . ?
The agreement yesterday at COP21 in Paris is a very big deal. The most vulnerable nations wanted a 1.5 degree temperature rise goal. The most developed nations and big developing nations wanted a higher goal. The little guys won! This is a win for all of us.
Jeff Tollefson a reporter for Nature (one of the most reliable science publications) filed several video reports telling us what went on. Here are links: Link 1: Published on Dec 7, 2015 The nations predicted to be worst affected by climate change are also some of the least-developed. Saleemul Huq, of the International Institute for Environment and Development, advises these nations as they participate in UN climate talks in Paris. Link2: Published on Dec 7, 2015 Nature reporter Jeff Tollefson sums up the first week of activity at the COP21 climate conference in Paris. Link 3: Published on Dec 9, 2015 The focus of the Paris climate talks is to reach an agreement on carbon emissions. This agreement takes the form of a mammoth document - full of articles, definitions and clauses. Nature Video takes a look at the anatomy of this agreement, with help from John O. Niles of UC San Diego. Link 4: Published on Dec 9, 2015 The Paris climate talks are hurtling to the finish line -- but what's in the draft that negotiators are haggling over? What's an "option" and what's a "bracket"? In this Nature Video, we take a look at a single paragraph to find out more about the evolving text, with a little help from John O. Niles from UC San Diego. Link 5: Published on Dec 9, 2015 Christiana Figueres is the executive secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Her job is to guide the world's governments towards an agreement on carbon emissions. She talks to Nature as the final days of the COP21 conference approach. Link 6: Published on Dec 13, 2015 After two weeks of intense negotiations, nations agreed to a global climate deal. Nature Video reports from the heart of the conference.
The Paris Climate Summit starts Monday, 30 November 2015. Here is a link to some information about basic issues: [Paris talks link].
The speaker is a reporter for Nature which is one of the most reliable science journals.